Apis mellifera meda este o subspecie din persia a albinei melifere europene apis mellifera. Basiri2 1 isfahan university of technology, isfahan, iran 2 tarbiat modarres university, tehran, iran introduction honey production is one of honey bees most complex behavioral characters that is influenced largely by environment. In the present research, iranian populations of honeybee apis mellifera were collected from 19 areas in iran. The acute oral toxicity of commonly used pesticides in iran, to honeybees apis mellifera meda farhang rasuli 1, javad nazemi rafie j. Apis mellifera meda, defense reaction, vespa orientalis, vespa crabro, skirmish 1. The european honey bee or western honey bee apis mellifera is the main species of honey bee. The genus name apis is latin for bee, and mellifera is the latin for honeybearing, referring to the species production of honey like all honey bee species, the western honey bee is eusocial, creating colonies with a single fertile female or queen, many. It was introduced into homeopathy in 1847 by a new york physician dr.
Acute contact toxicity of six pesticides in honeybees apis mellifera meda in iran. This mitochondrial genome is 16,248 bp in length, with 37 classical eukaryotic. Circadian and seasonal changes in honeybee apis mellifera worker susceptibility to diazinon, teflubenzuron, pirimicarb, and indoxacarb. The polish journal of environmental studies, 225, 14571463. Morphological characters of apis mellifera meda sampled from urmia, tehran and tabriz in iran, apis mellifera anatoliaca from kirsehir and beypazari in central anatolia, and apis mellifera caucasica from posof in northeast anatolia were analysed using standard morphometric methods. Apis mellifera scutellata is less defensive compared to a. Larvae in the honey bee colony, larvae are referred to as open. It is the workers sterile females that are normally seen. Apis mellifera intermissa, tunisia jpg wikimedia commons. Colony defense of asian apis species is characterized by several distinct behavioral elements, which are absent apis mellifera 2. Heritabilities and correlations for colony traits and morphological characters in honey bee apis mellifera meda. For this purpose ten morphological characters and five microsatellite loci were studied. Apis mellifera macedonica o abeja griega del norte clasificada por ruttner, 1988.
Apidae 3 laying queen is present in the colony a very helpful tool when inspecting a managed honey bee colony. The proboscis extension reflex is a classical behavioral trait used to determine the learning behavior in honeybees to odors. Genetic diversity evaluation of persian honeybees apis. Pdf evaluation of morphological characteristics of honey.
Pdf microsatellite genetic diversity of apis mellifera. Apis mellifera linnaeus hymenoptera, apidae between and. Morphometric analysis shows that the subspecies belongs to the oriental branch of the genus apis. Apis mellifera intermissathe native honeybee subspecies of algeria and most of north africa, is distinctly darker with some times light illumination on the tergites.
The samples were collected from stationary beekeeping sites. Morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera. The acute oral toxicity of commonly used pesticides in. Genetic characterization of apis mellifera macedonica. This datasheet includes data on pure apis mellifera scutellata from its native range, but mostly on the invasive polyhybrid between a.
Apis mellifera adansonii, nectar, pollen, allium cepa, pollination, maroua, abstract to evaluate the impact of apis mellifera adansonii hymenoptera. Morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera meda, central anatolian apis mellifera anatoliaca and caucasian apis mellifera caucasica honey bee populations. The homeopathic remedy apis mellifica is prepared from the western or european honey bee. Apis mellifera in tigray often make their honey from white flower of cactus plant opuntia spp unlike gondar region where apis mellifera use different plants as source of honey.
Pronunciation of apis mellifera scutellata with 1 audio pronunciation, 5 synonyms, 2 meanings, 1 sentence and more for apis mellifera scutellata. Subspecies of apis mellifera the common names include european or western honey bee. Population genetic structure of native iranian population. Introduction in africa, there are several races, subspecies, or ecotypes of honeybees apis mellifera l. However, he later found out that bees do not bear honey, but they actually bear nectar. The western honey bee or european honey bee apis mellifera is the most common of the 712 species of honey bees worldwide. A scientific note on allozyme in persian honey bee apis mellifera meda from the elburz mountains in iran. Genetic variation in iranian honey bees, apis mellifera meda. Analysis of colony and morphological characters in honey. Behavioral defenses of iranian honey bees apis mellifera. Alternatively, you can download the file locally and open with any standalone pdf reader. The honeybee apis mellifera has major ecological and economic importance.
Social living bees have been domesticated to generate bee products in sufficient. Morphometric analysis resulted in a distinct classification of three investigated populations but showed low diversity among them. Sixteen morphometric measurements were made on 20 worker bees each from 5 colonies from 6. The morphological characters of honeybees have an important role for discriminating honeybee subspecies. Kept by beekeepers throughout britain in hives, though feral colonies can live for several years in trees.
The genus apis is latin for bee, and mellifera comes from greek melli meaning honey and ferre to bear. The origin of persian honeybee, apis mellifera meda, is in alburz. Introduction vespid hornets are important predators of insects including honey bees. Acute contact toxicity of six pesticides in honeybees. Morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera meda. The native distribution of the honeybee apis mellifera includes europe, africa, and the middle east. Dyolf77 and released under the license s stated above.
Pdf morphological characters of apis mellifera meda sampled from urmia, tehran and tabriz in iran, apis mellifera anatoliaca from kirsehir and. Behavioral defenses of iranian honey bees apis mellifera meda against varroa destructor amir najikhoei 1, cetin firatli 1, sadegh alijani 2, yeliz kasko arici 3, saber khodaie 4 1department of animal science, faculty of agriculture, university of ankara, turkey 2department of animal science, faculty of agriculture, university of tabriz, iran. Apis mellifera meda o abeja persa clasificada por skorikov, 1829. Identification of differential defense reaction and tactic. A random sample of honey bee workers 400 was taken from 40 colonies in three cities of mazandaran province north of iran. Genetic variation in iranian honey bees, apis mellifera. Pdf morphological characteristics of apis mellifera. Apis mellifera meda, was first described by skorikov 1929 based on the abdominal sternites shape and tongue length which has similarities with a. Pdf the complete mitochondrial genome of apis mellifera. Apis mellifera intermissa is an african subspecies of the western honey bee. Presence of caucasus and iranian race apis mellifera meda in southeast race apis mellifera caucasica which produces more anatolia 4,5, were reported. This result is in agreement with that of alemu et al. Online course linkedin learning insights from a college career coach.
Apis mellifera siciliana, classified by grassi, 1881 sicula is a junior synonym sicilian honey bee from the trapani province and. Microsatellite genetic diversity of apis mellifera meda. Acute contact toxicity of six pesticides in honeybees apis. Journal of apicultural research and bee world, 464. There is a high degree of inbreeding or hybridization among all the subspecies of a. The honeybee apis mellifera belongs to the hymenoptera insects that live in social groups with a fixed function of individuals including their rotation during the ontogeny of individuals, resulting in a swarm, which works to some extent, as an organism. The genetic diversity of three iranian honey bee populations apis mellifera meda was studied using morphological and microsatellite loci in south iran. The complete mitochondrial genome of the western honey bee subspecies apis mellifera meda was sequenced. Subspecies are native to western europe, western asia, or nontropical northern or southern africa. Apis mellifera meda skorikow, 1829 populations using. Marcy following the cure of a severely oedematous kidney patient who was prescribed dried and powdered honeybees by a native indian medicine woman. Discrimination of iranian honeybee populations apis mellifera meda from commercial subspecies of apis mellifera l. European honey bee apis mellifera linnaeus and subspecies insecta.
This page was last edited on decemberat apis mellifera intermissa scientific classification kingdom. The complete mitochondrial genome of apis mellifera meda. European honey bee simple english wikipedia, the free. Part 1 of our uk experiment trying a perone automatic hive mk 1 colmena perone, populated with native black bees apis mellifera mellifera.
European honey bee apis mellifera linnaeus and subspecies. In 1758 carolus linnaeus named the bees as apis mellifera. Morphological characteristics of apis mellifera meda hymenoptera. Apis mellifera adansonii is the most defensive honeybee in. Pdf morphometric characterization of iranian apis mellifera meda. Discrimination of iranian honeybee populations apis. A study on the genetic diversity of the apis mellifera meda population in the south coast of the caspian sea using microsatellite markers. Contentsshow geographic distribution the western honey bee is native to europe, asia and africa. Apis mellifera meda, apis mellifera carnica and apis cerana f.
Summarymorphological characters of apis mellifera meda sampled from urmia, tehran and tabriz in iran, apis mellifera anatoliaca from kirsehir and beypazari. Its genus name apis is latin for bee, and mellifera means honeybearing. The difference in floral sources, in these two localities, might explain the difference in antibacterial effects of apis mellifera tigray white and gondar yellow honeys. Chemical communication in the honeybee apis mellifera l.
Antibacterial effects of apis mellifera and stingless bees. Additional mitogenomes from unstudied apis subspecies will promote our understanding of the mitogenome evolution and diversity in apis. To discuss this or any other aspect of natural beekeep. Proceedings of the seventh world congress on genetics applied to livestock production, aug. Morphological characteristics of apis mellifera meda. In this study, the genetic structure of iranian honey bee apis mellifera meda populations, mainly obtained from all of regions, were investigated at two different mitochondrial regions. During the early 1600s it was introduced to north america, with other. The acute oral toxicity of commonly used pesticides in iran, to honeybees apis mellifera meda. Apis mellifera is a species of honey bee commonly called the western honey bee or european honey bee. Foraging and pollination activity of apis mellifera. Morphological characters in honey bee apis mellifera meda m.155 1174 745 1084 1277 334 780 282 719 1551 801 173 662 505 322 866 882 1321 1103 1001 1253 1373 544 111 1324 1528 1352 272 850 389 757 408 907 317 416 332 626 1418 1373 282 745 191 1284 1344 1319 1245